Instruction is necessary in order to protect employees from accidents that may occur due to improper use of equipment or machinery, as well as to introduce the new employee up to speed when applying for a job.There are several kinds of instructions, each of which pursues its goal, but the common goal of all types of instruction - the proper safety equipment in the office, the company, in the production.
Before you instruct, the person responsible for this area of work in the enterprise should distinguish several main goals of this event, to formulate them and to convey to the audience the importance of fulfillment of the rules established by using a particular technology.Coaching, as well as safety, pays great attention to the company, as it helps to solve several problems at once:
- ensure safety.
- minimize both production and other injuries.
- eliminate or reduce the harmful effects of hazardous factors in the period of employment.
- Provide health.
Every manager should appreciate, first of a
Induction conducted with all newcomers to the company as the staff and students, as well as travel.This event is held on the first working day of the employee - this provision is specified in paragraphs 2.1.2.-2.1.4.Order, which is approved by the Ministry of Labor of Russia № 1 of 13 January 2003 and the Decree of Ministry of Education of Russia number 29. The same norm is regulated by paragraphs 7.1.1.-7.1.5.GOST 12.0.004-90.Before the start of the event, the person who conducts induction training should perform the following steps:
- Develop a program of water instruction, which is approved by the head of the organization.
- Create manuals, according to which employees are required to comply with the safety regulations in the workplace.
- take care for a handout.
In accordance with the previously established program, the expert held a lecture for the employees.In most cases, these issues are covered in the program of induction:
- The content of local regulations and regulations on labor protection.
- What should an employee take actions in the event of dangerous situations.
- How to apply and which are located in the premises of the organization extinguishing media.
- How to provide assistance to employees who due to some emergency, injured, burns or injury.
- How to prevent accidents, fires and accidents, as well as the causes.
final stage of instruction is an oral test employees knowledge acquired by them in the course of the event.Instruct the employee, which according to the orders of the head of the organization, introduced in the job description of this obligation.
Primary briefing held director of operations, that is, if it is an enterprise in which there are some shops, then carry out primary instruction should foreman.During the event held familiarization with the equipment and machines with which the new employee will have direct contact with the creation of a specific product or perform certain operations.Thus, the person who conducts the primary instruction, should have maximum knowledge of the equipment, as well as the principles of safe work with him.
should be noted during the initial briefing, all the technical features of the equipment, to the most dangerous area of the mechanism, which can lead to injury.The supervisor should explain to the new employee, what security means should be used to prevent accidents or emergency situations.Employee, intern or student should be presented with all requirements electro-warning, as well as requirements for the safe organization and content of jobs.Each employee who passed primary instruction must have information regarding the rules of checks of equipment and start-up of devices.If the process requires the use of personal protective equipment at the briefing officer shall obtain all the information about them, including the rules of their use.
purpose of instructing re - checking and improving the knowledge of employees about the rules and regulations on labor protection.Information about who repeated instruktazhprovodit known manager who is directly responsible for the failure to comply with the standards and requirements for the briefing.As a rule, he held the head of a particular type of work, which are subordinate to the staff working with tools and equipment.A review can be carried out, both individually and with a group of workers who have in the enterprise provided the same duties.
Enough urgent question of how often to hold briefing.Repeated views briefing shall be held not later than 6 months after the last instruction.