How to transport goods ?

How to transport goods ?

Various life situations require the transportation of certain items and materials.Conventional small cargoes can be transported to a passenger or freight transport.And with an oversized load or dangerous situation is a little different.From the article, you'll learn that refers to the oversized and dangerous cargoes, as well as how to carry such loads.

Outsize cargo

consider oversized loads, overall weight and dimensions parameters are exceeded during transport dimensions and standards established by rules of the road.In other words, it loads that do not fit into standard vehicles.

existing vehicles that are under general settings allow you to carry loads of 2.55 m wide, 13.6 m long and 2.55 in height.

If you need to transport oversized cargo, should contact the specialized campaigns engaged in cargo transportation.Collaboration with them takes place as follows:

  1. Representatives of the company will calculate the weight, size and cost of your shipment.
  2. They further develop the delivery route
    .
  3. Will hold Handling.
  4. draw up the necessary documentation.

In some cases, shipping requires support organization.

Rules of transportation of bulky goods:

  1. Availability permission.Getting permission is carried out within 20 days.First of all, you need to apply to receive it in one of the instances:
    • Federal Automobile and Road Service of Russia (for international transport);
    • Federal Directorate of highways and regional management (for long-distance and local traffic passing along the federal highways);
    • Local road management authorities (responsible for transport on roads served by the network);
  2. necessary approval route, what stands out for 5 days.It must be done with the following services: police, Inspectorate of the Interior Ministry and the Internal Affairs also associated with the path of movement of cargo.
  3. marking.Other road users should be warned that you make shipping.To do this, use the following characters:
    • «Articulated vehicle" - on the roof of the tractor cab 3 orange beacon;
    • «long vehicles" - sticker in the form of a yellow box with a red border;
    • «Bulky cargo" - pasted square with white and red stripes on the diagonal.
  4. observe restrictions.Movement of vehicles with oversized cargo is permitted within the city only for a small amount of motion, and on international routes - a day.
  5. For failure - fine.Failure to comply with one or more of the above regulations is punishable by fines.So the driver fined 1000-2000 rubles.and will be deprived of rights for up to six months, officials will be fined up to 20,000 rubles, and legal -.. up to 400,000 rubles.and TS delay.

Transportation of Dangerous Goods

By "dangerous" category includes goods which by their properties threaten human life and health, can cause harm to the environment and cause damage to property.It is because of the threats that pose a transportation of such goods, all manipulations with them, as well as staff requirements are governed by the relevant legal acts.

all dangerous goods assigned to hazard class, depending on the degree of threat.To date, developed 9 classes: the number is smaller, the more dangerous cargo:

  • 1st class - explosive substances and materials;
  • Grade 2 - transport gases under pressure;
  • class 3 - flammable liquids;
  • class 4 - flammable substances;
  • 5th grade - loads containing oxidizing agents;
  • 6th class - materials that are toxic or bacteriological threat;
  • 7th grade - loads capable to radiation;
  • 8th grade - chemicals and substances with high chemical activity;
  • 9th grade - a group of materials that pose little threat to the environment.

Depending on the class of vehicles to different requirements.If you want to make the transportation of dangerous goods should turn to a specialized company.When their transportation is a must comply with the following conditions:

  1. load each class requires certain precautions.For some substances it is necessary to protect from bumps, shock, heat.
  2. During transport vehicles must be in possession of all the necessary documents.
  3. The transport packaging should be made of quality material, it is not permitted for leaks and defects.
  4. Staff working with such a load should have the appropriate equipment.

As you can see engaged in cargo transportation very risky business.After all, in its implementation should take into account a lot of nuances.Make it a quality can only be people who are constantly engaged in transporting.