Unfortunately, many couples today who can not, for whatever reasons, to conceive a child.There are several ways to solve this problem, more of them can be found in the articles section of conception difficulty.
One of the most effective and well-known methods to date is considered to be in vitro fertilization (IVF).
What is IVF?
do in vitro fertilization began many years ago.The first successful attempt to conduct such a procedure was held in the UK in 1978.Now this method is used in many clinics throughout the world.IVF - a procedure for a fertilized egg to a special medical utensils (tube).Then, for several days embryos are grown in the special medium, and then transferred into the woman's uterus, where it begins to develop a pregnancy.
IVF can be, in which the fallopian tubes are absent even hold women or there are problems with their operation.Of course, we should not think that this procedure is a panacea.It just helps to go through several stages of the birth of the embryo inside a woma
How is IVF?
vitro fertilization is carried out in several stages.Each of them is very important and provides for certain procedures.
preparation and fertilization of eggs
The first step is the preparation of eggs.They are in most cases taken from the expectant mother.But as for the cycle in a woman matures, usually only one egg, then the patient prior to a procedure prescribed hormonal drugs in a special scheme for several weeks.
whole process is necessarily controlled by ultrasound.The woman in the ovulation the egg is removed by means of a puncture: Ovary in a thin hollow needle inserted through the cervix, occurs sucking mature follicles.This procedure is carried out always under general anesthesia.
for in vitro fertilization is also required semen woman's partner.It is obtained or by masturbation or by puncture.If a woman is not a man, used frozen donor sperm.
Then begins the preparation of genetic material.The first occurs washing eggs, because it is important to separate them from follicular fluid.Then, another tube is poured semen, which were tested for sperm count.It is important that the number was not less than 100 000 per egg 1 and then it is poured semen and left for several hours for fertilization.Formed embryos are transferred to a special plate with a special solution, which is placed in a chamber, where the process of their development.
embryo transfer into the uterus
After 2-5 days the next stage - the transfer of the embryos into the uterus of a woman.This procedure is simple and painless, it passes on the gynecological chair.Anesthesia is not used during this procedure.To transfer embryos (not more than 3 pieces) into the uterus, the doctor uses a thin plastic tube.
After this procedure, the woman is required every three days to come to donating blood to control the level of hormones.Only after 2 weeks may be carried out on the test hCG to confirm a pregnancy.If it is revealed that the ultrasound scan, which allows us to understand where the egg were attached and how many survived.If necessary, a reduction - reduce the number of embryos.After that pregnancy in women takes place in the normal mode.
some more information about the conduct of this procedure, you can learn from the article How do IVF.
Advantages and Disadvantages of IVF
Among the benefits of IVF procedures single out the following:
- can get pregnant even if the reproductive organs have a disease;
- possible to conceive a child, even if a man has a low sperm quality;
- rarely have problems with carrying a child after the healing of the embryo;
- can conduct pre-implantation diagnosis, which will prevent the occurrence of abnormalities in the child or serious diseases transmitted by inheritance.
IVF also has disadvantages:
- only 35-50% of in vitro fertilization success ends after the first attempt, so you need to do this procedure several times;
- high cost, since only highly qualified specialists and using expensive equipment involved in IVF;
- difficult to find a clinic for the procedure in small towns.
Despite the disadvantages of in vitro fertilization, it is still a great opportunity to get a long-awaited child.Therefore, it should have recourse, if conceive a baby naturally does not work for a long time.
You can also think about surrogacy or adoption.For more information you can learn from the article - What if there are no children.